In the XVII century, whereas absolutism is all the rage in most great European countries, England ponders about her monarchy and undergoes a historic transformation. Throughout the century, she questions the king's power and that of Parliament, searching, with difficulty for a compromise between these two authorities. This political conflict, to which is added a religious conflict between the Roman and Anglican churches, leads to the English Civil War of 1688 that institutes parliamentary monarchy, the prelude to the modern States. During this period of transition that deeply affects the country, England remains on the margin of the major artistic tendencies of the continent. Her creative and intellectual activity reflects especially her self-interrogation.